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A standing army is one that is

When Germany experienced inflation, prices for goods

Which event lit a “powder keg” in Europe and led to the start of World War I?

In what way might the Allies benefit from Germany’s decision to fight on two fronts?

Read the excerpt from an 1852 speech by Italian statesman Giuseppe Mazzini on Lombardy, a region of Italy that was ruled by Austria at the time.

[Lombardy] struggled, they still struggle . . . for country and liberty; . . . They speak the same language, they bear about them the impress of consanguinity [common ancestors], they kneel beside the same tombs, they glory in the same tradition; and they demand to associate freely, without obstacles, without foreign domination


–Giuseppe Mazzini, On Nationality, 1852

Which summarizes Mazzini’s argument about independence for Lombardy?

Wealth brings with it its own checks and balances. The basis of political economy is non-interference. The only safe rule is found in the self-adjusting meter of demand and supply. Do not legislate. . . . make equal laws: secure life and property, and you need not give charity. Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue, and they will do themselves justice, and property will not be in bad hands. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle [lazy] and brainless, to the industrious, brave, and persevering.

Read the quotation by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Which of Adam Smith’s ideals are reflected in the quotation from Emerson?

What conclusion can be drawn about the discoveries of Marie Curie and Louis Pasteur?

The single greatest benefit that capitalism provides is that it enables human choice. Capitalism establishes a social contract that makes it possible for individuals to exercise their franchise and free agency. It gives people the ability to be secure in themselves and their possessions and, having provided security, it enables people to assume risk that they were previously unwilling to assume. It creates the necessary conditions for people to escape poverty and create wealth for themselves and for others.

Read a quotation by Roger Butters, a twenty-first-century economist.

Both Adam Smith and Butters would agree that capitalism

What did Prince Klemens von Metternich believe about France?

Which describes tenant farmers?

The graph shows the spread of railways in the 1800s.

Line graph of the spread of railways in selected countries by thousands of kilometers of rail line, from 1840 to 1900. Growth for Great Britain, Germany, Russia, and the U S is shown.

Based on the graph, what conclusion can be drawn about Germany?

To spur US recovery after the Great Depression, President Roosevelt

To drive out foreign influences, the main thing the Boxers did was to

What is a coalition?

The Ottoman Empire grew and expanded after it conquered the

Which most likely explains why the British Parliament decided to pass the Reform Act of 1832?

Toussaint L’Ouverture issued a constitution to ensure that

Utopianism is best defined as

Why did Britain oppose the idea of self-determination in the “Fourteen Points” plan?

An example of Japanese imperial rule that was evident when it placed restrictions on Korean rights was that

In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson affirmed

What did Prince Klemens von Metternich most likely mean when he wrote that a “revolutionary spirit could . . . easily hide itself under the veil of patriotism”?

Louis XIV called himself the “Sun King” because he

What is the most likely reason that nations raised tariffs on imports during the Great Depression?

Why did Russia offer to sell Alaska to the United States?