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Annotated Bibliography



Due: Friday, May 29, 2020 @ 11:59 pm on CANVAS


Assignment:  Compile an annotated bibliography that includes a minimum of five (5) sources, with at least three (3) of those sources coming from peer-reviewed journal articles.  Each entry should be listed alphabetically and include two elements:  1. bibliographic information using APA or MLA style guide and 2. annotation.


Sources could come from the following:  peer reviewed journal articles; book chapters in collections; popular press (newspapers, magazines, etc.), and the Internet.


Annotation:  The annotation for each source should be about one page in length.  The paragraphs should both summarize and evaluate the source.


There are basic questions you should address in your summary:

What are the main arguments?

What topics are covered?

How current in the material?

Who is the author and where was the article published?


There are also basic issues to consider in the evaluation of the source:

Is the information reliable?

Do the author(s) reach valid conclusions?

How does it compare with other courses in your bibliography?



Source 1: (peer reviewed)


Cranwell, J., Murray, R., Lewis, S., Leonardi, B. J., Dockrell, M., & Britton, J. (2015). Adolescents’ exposure to tobacco and alcohol content in YouTube music videos. Addiction, 110(4), 703–711.


This article featured a UK study that was conducted to look at the relationship between alcohol, tobacco, and e-cigarette imagery in music videos and adolescent viewing. The author suggests there is “strong evidence that adolescent exposure to paid-for advertising and other alcohol or tobacco media imagery in the media increases subsequent alcohol and tobacco use” (Cranwell et al., 2015). From this study they confirmed that the appearance of alcohol and tobacco/e-cigarette related products ““occur frequently in the lyrical and visual content of popular music videos and are seen by a very high proportion of young people, particularly girls” (Cranwell et al., 2015). Compared to my other sources, this study was not as strong. While it did thoroughly address the methods and provided a table of the results, it did not truly answer the question it was presumably looking for. They were unable to provide evidence that an increase in substance related imagery in music videos caused any effect on whether or not adolescents are more likely to use substances. However, they did acknowledge this. The authors focused their attention on using songs that featured music videos on Youtube. They collected 130 songs listed in the UK’s top music charts and found 110 of them on Youtube (with music videos). They analyzed “visual and lyrical content of the videos using 10-second intervals, coding each for the presence or absence of alcohol, tobacco, or electronic cigarettes” (Cranwell et al, 2015).


They developed several categories regarding consumption of alcohol, open bottles or glasses, alcohol branding, signs of smoking, and other e-cigarette related evidence. They went through a process, “in accordance to YouGov practices”, to recruit people between the ages of 11 and 18 (Cranwell et al., 2015). They presented the videos randomly to each participant and asked a series of questions, such as “have you seen this video before?” etc. (Cranwell et al., 2015). Overall, the study essentially found that there were frequent uses of alcohol and other substances shown or references in music videos that a large amount of adolescents are viewing. It would be interesting to see a more psychological approach to how this is influencing children’s perceptions of substances and the long term effects of that.